Central America: Resis II (2010)

The Resis II PSHA model has been developed in the framework of a collaboration between the Norway Cooperation Agency (NORAD), Spain and representatives of several Central American countries: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Panamá.


Earthquake catalogues

The catalogs used to create the Resis II PSHA input model are the following:

  1. Information gathered in the CASC (Centro de Sismológico de America central) database
  2. National catalogs of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panamá.

The final catalog contains 29,918 events with Mw > 3.5 (see Benito et al. (2012) page 506).

Active fault database

The Resis II model doesn't contain fault sources. According to Benito et al. (2012) and Benito and Torres (2009) no database has been crated in the framework of this project.

Ground motion prediction equations

Participants to the Resis II project created a database of strong ground motion recordings. This database contains recordings with the following characteristics:

  1. Moment magnitude between 4.0 and 7.7 and 2000 < = year < = 2007
  2. 1 < = Repi < = 480km
  3. 1 < = Hypocentral depth < = 200km

The ground motion prediction equations used for the calculation of hazard

PSHA input model building methodology

Catalogue compilation

The catalogue has been compiled by merging the information included in a large set of local catalogues. No specific description is provided about the criteria adopted for merging the catalogues.

Catalogue processing

  • Declustering: details about the methodology adopted aren't available in the documentation although Benito et al. (2012, page 506) write that the filtering of aftershocks and foreshocks was completed after the analysis of completeness.
  • Completeness analysis: performed using the Stepp (1973) method.
  • Calculation of activity rates:

Modelling of distributed seismicity

  • Area sources
  • Smoothing


  • Methodology for activity rate definition

Ground Motion Prediction Equations

Selection Criteria


The selected models for the subduction intraslab sources are the following (see Figure 6 in Benito et al., 2012):

The selected models for the subduction interface sources are the following:

The selected models for the crustal sources are the following:

Modelling epistemic uncertainties

PSHA Calculation

  • Original software adopted


  • Benito, M. B. and Y. Torres (eds.) (2009). Amenaza sísmica en América Central. Entinema, 371 pp., ISBN 978-84-8319-474-4
  • Benito, M. B. , C. Lindholm, E. Camacho, A. Climent, G. Marroquín, E. Molina, W. Rojas, J. J. Escobar, E. Talavera, G. E. Alvarado, Y. Torres (2012). A New Evaluation of Seismic Hazard for the Central America Region. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 102(2): 504–523, doi: 10.1785/0120110015
  • Rojas, W., H. Bungum, C. Lindholm (1993). Historical and recent earth- quakes in Central America, Rev. Geol. Amer. Central 16, 5–21 pdf
  • hazard_models/resisii2010.txt
  • Last modified: 2014/05/20 14:15
  • (external edit)